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|Title: ||Dietary diversity of urban children in Colombo city|
|Authors: ||Samarasinghe P|
De Silva A
|Issue Date: ||15-Sep-2010|
|Citation: ||Samarasinghe P; Lanerolle P; De Silva A; Atukorala S. Dietary diversity of urban children in Colombo city. CMJ. 2010; 55(Supplement 1): 26|
|Abstract: ||Objectives: Dietary diversity scores (DDS) have been positively correlated with micronutrient adequacy of diets in children. A study was done to assess micronutrient adequacy of urban children using a DDS. Methods: A 24 hour dietary recall was done on a representative sample of 350 children (1-6 years) from urban slums in Colombo city. Foods were categorised into six groups; Group 1-grains roots and tubers, Group 2-legumes/nuts, Group 3-dairy, Group 4-animal-foods, Group 5-vitamin A rich fruits/vegetables, Group6-other fruits/vegetables. Then DDS were calculated. Results: The mean DDS of children was 3.9 Ã± 1.22.Thirty percent of children (n = 105) had inadequate dietary diversity (DDS of <4; WHO cut off for adequate dietary diversity). DDS and parental education levels correlated significantly (p = 0.008). The head of household being male or female did not affect dietary diversity. Nearly 40% of children from homes with reported excessive alcohol consumption showed inadequate dietary diversity vs children (21%) from homes with no reported alcohol consumption (p = 0.007). Only 38.4% of children had at least one fruit portion a day, while legume and nut consumption was seen in only 34.4%. Meat and milk were consumed at least once a day by 78.8% and 71.9% children respectively. Conclusion: Inadequate dietary diversity among children in urban slums is a concern. Alcohol consumption and educational level of parents are associated with a low DDS.|
|Keywords: ||dietary diversity|
|Appears in Collections:||PGIM Sri Lanka Medical Index|
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